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美式英语vs英式英语:差异在哪里?

2012-09-12 09:30中国广播网教育频道

YINGYUSHIYINGMEILIANGGUODEGUANFANGYUYANHETONGYONGYUYAN;ZHENGRUAIERLANZHUMINGZUOJIAXIAOBONACENGJINGSHUOGUODENEIYANG:YINGGUOHEMEIGUOSHIBEITONGYIZHONGYUYANFENKAILAIDELIANGGEGUOJIA。YINGYUSHUYUYINOUYUXIZHONGRIERMANYUZUXIADEXIRIERMANYUZHI,BINGTONGGUOYINGGUODEZHIMINHUODONGCHUANBODAOSHIJIEGEDI;ERYINGYUBENSHENZAIJINHUADANGZHONGYECHUXIANLEFENHUA,CONGERCHANSHENGLEMEISHIYINGYU(YOUCHENGMEIGUOYINGYU)YUYINGSHIYINGYU(YOUCHENGYINGGUOYINGYU)ZHEILIANGDAFENZHI。

YOUYUDANGJINMEIGUOYIJINGQUDEGUOJISHANGJIAOGAODEDIWEI,MEISHIYINGYUZHUJIANLIUXINGQILAI,BINGQIEYEYIBEIYIXIANGGAOAODEYINGGUORENCHENGRENSHICUNZAIDE,TAMENKAISHIXUEXISHIYONGBIJIAOJIANDANHUADEMEISHIYINGYU,LIANQITAYINGLIANBANGGUOJIA,RUAODALIYA、XINXILAN、AIERLAN、JIANADA、NANFEI、YINDUDENGYEKAISHIXUEXIMEISHIYINGYU。SUIRANMEISHIYINGYUTONGYINGSHIYINGYUYIYANG,DOUSHIBIAOZHUNYINGYU,DANSHIQIZAIYUYIN、CIHUIHEYUFADENGFANGMIANQUECUNZAIZHEYIXIECHAYI。

语音方面

MEISHIYINGYUZAIYINYUNSHANGSHIQUYUBAOSHOUDE,LIRU:DADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIADANGDAIMEISHIYINGYUDOUYOUJUANSHEYIN(YOUCHENGQIAOSHEYIN),ZIMUrZAIFUYINQIANYEYAOFAYIN;SUIRANDANGDAIYINGSHIYINGYUMEIYOUJUANSHEYIN,DANZAI17SHIJISHIYINGGUOGEDIQUANSHIZHEIYANG。

YIwhKAITOUDECI,MEISHIYINGYUDU[hw], YINGSHIYINGYUZEDU[w],LIRU:where[hw?/w?]、while[hwail/wail]、white[hwait/wait]DENG。MEISHIYINGYUBA-u-HE-ueDEZHANGYUANYINFAZUO[u:],ERYINGSHIYINGYUFACHENG[ju:],LIRU:due[du:/dju:]、reduce[ri?du:s/ri?dju:s]、tube[tu:b/tju:b]DENG。MEISHIYINGYUBA-a-DUCHENG[?],ERYINGSHIYINGYUDUCHENG[aHUOa:],LIRU:craft[kr?ft/kraft]、half[h?f/ha:f]、laugh[l?f/la:f]DENG。

10彩票开户MEISHIYINGYUHEYINGSHIYINGYUDEDUYINCHAYIHAIBIAOXIANZAIMOUXIEDANCIDEFAYINSHANG,MEIYOUYIDINGDEGUILVKEXUN,LIRU:ate[eit/et]、been[bin/bi:n]、idyll[ˊaidl/ˊidil]DENG。

ZAIXUDUOYI-ary,-oryJIEWEIDEDANCIHEYI-ateJIEWEIDESHUANGYINJIECIZHONG,MEISHIYINGYUBAZHONGYINFANGZAIDIYIYINJIESHANG,ERYINGSHIYINGYUZEBAZHONGYINFANGZAIDIERGEYINJIESHANG,LIRU:ˊancillary/anˊcillary、ˊlaboratory/laˊboratory、ˊmigrate/miˊgrate DENG。

词汇方面

MEISHIYINGYUHEYINGSHIYINGYUSUITONGCHUYIYUAN,DANZAIYIHOUDEFAZHANZHONGSHOUDAODEYINGXIANGBUTONGJIUCHANSHENGLEPINXIESHANGDEBUTONG。SHOUXIAN,XIANGTONGDECIJICHUXIANZAIMEISHIYINGYUZHONG,YECHUXIANZAIYINGSHIYINGYUZHONG,DANFENBIEBIAOSHIWANQUANBUTONGDEGAINIAN(JITONGCIYIYI),LIRU:billion (SHIYI/WANYI)、biscuit(RUANBING/SUDABINGGAN)、football(GANLANQIU/ZUQIU)、mall(GOUWUZHONGXIN/LINYINDADAO)、overall(GONGZHUANGKU/JINSHENKU)DENG。

QICI,MEISHIYINGYUHEYINGSHIYINGYUFENBIEYONGBUTONGDECILAIBIAOSHITONGYIGAINIAN(JITONGYIYICI),LIRU:baggage/luggage(XINGLI)、can/tin(GUANTOU)、candy/sweets(TANGGUO)、elevator/lift(DIANTI)、subway/underground(DITIE)、truck/lorry(KACHE)、welfare /benefit(FULI)DENG。

ZAICI,MEISHIYINGYUHEYINGSHIYINGYUSUISHUYUTONGYITIXI,DANQIZAIPINXIETIXIRENGLVEYOUBUTONG(JIPINXIECHAYI,DANDUYINBUBIAN),LIRU:analyze/analyse(FENXI)、center/centre(ZHONGXIN)、defense/defence(BAOWEI)、dialog/dialogue(DUIHUA)、inflection/inflexion(WANQU)、instal/install(ANZHUANG)、kilogram/kilogramme(GONGJIN)、labor/ labour(LAODONG)DENG。

10彩票开户LINGWAIRANGRENDABIANCHE,MEISHIYINGYUSHUO“give ride”,YINGSHIYINGYUZESHUO“give lift”;ZHIYUDIANHUAMANGYIN,MEISHIYINGYUSHUO“The line is busy.”,ERYINGSHIYINGYUZESHUO“The line is engaged.”。

语法方面

MEISHIYINGYUHEYINGSHIYINGYUSHIYONGDESHITONGYIYUFATIXI,DANZAIMOUXIEQINGKUANGXIA, YOUQISHIZAIBIAODATIGONGXIAOXIDESHIHOU, MEISHIYINGYUYONGYIBANGUOQUSHI,ERYINGSHIYINGYUYONGXIANZAIWANCHENGSHI,LIRU:He just went home./He has just gone home.(TAGANGHUIJIALE。)、I just have lunch./I have just had lunch.(WOGANGCHIWANWUCAN。)DENG。ZAIMEISHIYINGYUZHONG“need, dare, used to”DOUZUOWEISHIYIDONGCISHIYONG, ERZAIYINGSHIYINGYUZHONGTAMENDOUBEIDANGZUOQINGTAIDONGCISHIYONG,LIRU:She didn’t dare to stay in the dark./She dared not stay in the dark.(TABUGANDAIZAIHEIANDEDIFANG。)、Tom doesn’t need to go with them./Tom needn’t go with them.(TANGMUBUXUYAOHETAMENYIQIQU。)DENG。

DUIYUMOUXIEMINGCIMEISHIYINGYUYONGFUSHUXINGSHI,ERYINGSHIYINGYUYONGDANSHUXINGSHI,LIRU:entertainments/entertainment(LEQU) 、sports/sport(YUNDONG)、 stands/stand(KANTAI)DENG。

ZAIMOUXIECIZUHUOXIYUZHONG,MEISHIYINGYUHEYINGSHIYINGYUDEJIECIYONGFABUTONG,LIRU:on the weekend/at the weekend(ZAIZHOUMO)、around midnight/about midnight(YUEZAIBANYE)、on the train/in the train(ZAIHUOCHESHANG) DENG。

ZAIMOUXIEBIAOSHICHOUXIANGGAINIANDEDIDIANMINGCIQIAN,MEISHIYINGYUYONGDINGGUANCI,ERYINGSHIYINGYUBUYONG,LIRU:be in the hospital/be in hospital(ZAIYIYUAN)、go to the university/go to university(SHANGDAXUE)DENG;DANZAIMOUXIEBIAOSHISHIJIANDEXIYUZHONG,MEISHIYINGYUBUYONGDINGGUANCI,ERYINGSHIYINGYUYAOYONG,LIRU:all morning/ all the morning(ZHENGGESHANGWU)、day after tomorrow/the day after tomorrow(HOUTIAN) DENG。

ZHONGGUOZHUMINGXUEZHEZHOUHAIZHONGCENGJINGZHICHU:SUIRANMEISHIYINGYUYUYINGSHIYINGYUZAIYUYIN、CIHUIHEYUFADENGFANGMIANCUNZAIZHEYIXIECHAYI,DANYOUYUTAMENDEXIANGTONGZHICHUYUANYUANDAYUBUTONGZHICHU,SUOYIBUHUIYINGXIANGYINGYUBIAODADEGUIFANXING;YINCI,ZHEIXIECHAYIBUHUIFANGAIMEIYINGRENSHIBICIJIAOJIHEJIAOLIUSIXIANG。

ZAIZHENGGEXIANDAIYINGYUDEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,MEISHIYINGYUHEYINGSHIYINGYUSHIXIANGHUYINGXIANG,XIANGHUCUJINDE,ZONGDEKANLAIMEISHIYINGYUDUIYINGSHIYINGYUDEYINGXIANGSHIZHUYAODE。JINTIANYIJINGHENSHAOYOURENTAOLUNMEISHIYINGYUHEYINGSHIYINGYUSHUYOUSHULIE。KEYISHUO,TAMENYIQITOUBINGJIN,GONGTONGFAHUIZHEJIAOJIGONGJUDEZUOYONG。

ZHONGGUODEXUEXIAOLILAIYIYINGSHIYINGYUWEIZHU,BUGUOZAIXIANZAICHUGUOLIUXUEYIJIHULIANWANGFAZHANDERECHAOXIA,MEISHIYINGYUZAIZHONGGUODEFAZHANXINGSHIFEICHANGXIANZHU。MEISHIYINGYUYEHAO,YINGSHIYINGYUYEBA;DUIYUWOMENYINGYUXUEXIZHELAISHUO,DOUSHIZHONGYAODE。LEJIEHEZHANGWOTAMENDECHAYITEDIANJIGUILV,YOUZHUYUWOMENDEYINGYUXUEXI,YEYOUZHUYUWOMENZHENGQUEDISHIYONGYINGYUJINXINGYOUXIAODEJIAOJI,CONGERZAILIYONGYINGYUJINXINGJUTIDEYANYUJIAOLIUSHIBIMIANBUBIYAODEWUJIEHUOQUJIE。

顺便一提:美国之音(VOA)播音员说的和托福(TOEFL)考的,是典型而标准的美式英语;英国广播公司(BBC)播音员说的和雅思10彩票开户(IELTS)考的,是典型而标准的英式英语。

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